The West Papuan independence leader Benny Wenda campaigns at the United Nations for a new referendum for West Papua. Tempo Timor interviewed him in New York.

Tempotimor (Dili) - The parliament of Timor-Leste rejected the new proposal of the government for the state budget.

By Oki & Monty Jacka

Tempotimor (Dili) - According to the President of the Timor-Leste Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KKI-TL), Oscar Lima, the government is currently set up in a way which hinders local entrepreneurs.

By : Oki & Monty Jacka

Tempotimor (Dili) – In Timor-Leste, there is currently no law which forces the government to use local industry over international companies.

As a result of this, international companies are used regularly for mega projects across the country, hurting local companies who are being overlooked by their own government.

International companies who win big projects also hold no obligation to utilise local industry. They often refuse to buy sand and stone from local timorese, instead bringing in supplies and even labourers from abroad.

Vice President of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KKI-TL), Hergui Luina Fernandes described the situation as worrisome.

"We are sad! In the private sector there is currently no law supporting local industry. We often think this law exists, but actually it is very sad because it doesn’t," Ms Fernandes said on Friday.

While the Timor Sea agreement laid out legislation for 10% of work to be done by local companies, nothing has been created in national law yet, she explained.

"This is very troublesome to the private sector, because people who come and work on big projects in Timor, they have the right to bring everything from their country, one example is the Tibar Port project,” Ms Fernandes said.

“Our country investing a fair amount of money in the project, but the agreement has nothing to discuss about local companies."

This situation is so harmful, especially around Liquisa where there are Timorese investing in sand washing and destroying stones, but being overlooked in favour of overseas companies, Ms Fernandes explained.

"We visited various places up to Aileu, where the Chinese are putting their own machines to wash sand, crush rocks,” she said.

“We as Timorese cannot go forward, when there are no laws to support local companies.”

"International companies have told us that no legal force can force us. There is no law, no agreement that forces them to have a local context.”

“As a private sector, we are saddened by this situation where there is no opportunity for Timorese," Ms Fernandes expressed.

The situation will continue. The oil and gas pipeline to Timor will not benefit the Timorese the way it should, because when this opportunity is open to multinational companies, they will bring everything from their countries, Ms Fernandes said.

"We will not become a sovereign state, economically we will become dependent on foreign countries.”

Businessman Rui Castro also raised the issue about businessmen from abroad coming to Timor, renting land and using it to grow vegetables to sell back to Timorese people.

"This happens in Aileu many times, in Atabae there are also a few, if we keep this sector open and free, it will not provide good protection and eventually people from abroad will take over everything," Mr Castro said.

Mr Castro is urging the Government to establish a good policy in it’s agriculture sector which will provide opportunities to Timorese.

“If not, what will happen in Aileu, Atabae, Batugade (Bobonaro) and Natarbora (Manatuto), is that the overseas people will rent the land and use it to grow vegetables and sell it back to Timorese.”

The Government has established numerous international partnerships with countries such as China and Germany, which are causing this to happen, Mr Castro said.

A chinese company has opened the shrimp industry in Loes, while others have planted chilies in Natarbora and the other one is now in Manatuto, he said.

The Interim Minister for economic affairs and the Minister of Legislative reform and Parliamentary affairs, Fidelis Manuel Leite Magalhaes, responded to the comments, saying the government has noted the them and would inform local entrepreneurs and the relevant law-making ministries.

Tempotimor (Dili) – On Monday Tempotimor.com received a press released JICA office in Dili state that On Saturday 25 May 2019, Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV) held 10th anniversary event at Timor Plaza to introduce volunteer’s grass roots level activities and achievements with some introductions of Japan’s cultures, such as  Japanese dance, Aikido, drama & music, and fashion show. In this occasion, Japanese Internatinal Cooporation Agency (JICA) is also celebrating the numbers of volunteers that has been reached 100 since first dispatch.

By José Belo, editor in chief of Tempo Timor

 If Timor-Leste won its amazing struggle for independence against all odds without foreign advisors BUT based on a well-planned and well-executed strategy, could it be that Timor-Leste can also successfully develop as a nation without unnecessary influence from foreign advisors? After all, many of the same brilliant leaders who strategized and worked together to win independence are all still alive. If anything, these same leaders are even more brilliant today after many more years of experience in trying to build the State. This article is meant to provoke further thought along these lines.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Violence against children in Timor-Leste is ‘exceptionally high.’ A staggering 87.4 percent (612,539 children) of the Timorese children is victim at home of physical and emotional violence, according to the study ‘Unseen, Unsafe’ by Save the Children, ChildFund, Plan International and World Vision. This percentage is higher than in neighbouring countries such as Papua New Guinee and other Pacific nations.

By ROD MCGUIRK, ASSOCIATED PRESS [link: https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/australian-parliament-approves-treaty-east-timor-64644817

Tempotimor (Melbourne) - Parlamentu Australia nian aprova ona ratifikasaun ba tratadu fronteira maritima ida ne’ebé mak asina ho Timor-Leste fulan sanulu-resin-nein liu ba no governu daudaun ne’e iha hela presaun nia okos hodi fó fila-hikas osan dolares hamutuk millaun sanulu ba Timor nia direitu husi tasi-kidun ida ba kampu gas nian mak hetan rekoñesimentu katak nasaun ilha-sorin baluk ne’e mak sai nu’udar nia nain. 

Iha tempu tarde loron Segunda, Parlamentu Australia pasa ona lejislasaun ne’ebé mak fornese espasu hodi ratifika tratadu refere, semana ida depois de Australia nia viziñu kiak ne’e hetan ona vota afavor ba lejislasaun mak hanesan hodi diriji oinsá nasaun rua ne’e sei fahe osan dolar biliaun ba biliaun husi riku-soi mina no gas ne’ebé mak latan hela iha Tasi Timor nia okos.  

Tratadu ne’e uluk asina ona iha Nova Iorke iha fulan Marsu tinan kotuk, maibé la fó influénsia to hetan ratifikasaun liu husi dalan nota diplomátiku interkambiu bainhira Primeiru Ministru Scott Morrison vizita ba Timor-Leste iha loron 30 Agostu, ba komemora aniversariu referendum nian ba dala 20 ne’ebé mak marka nu’udar independensia husi Indonesia, ne’ebé halo ona invazaun iha tinan 1975 ba Portuguese nia kolóni ida ne’e. 

Australia sei nafatin hetan osan porsentu 10 nu’udar royalti husi Bayu Undan nia mina no gas to ramata, bainhira Timor-Leste foti sai nu’udar nain tomak ba kampo refere ne’ebé tuir predisaun sei mamuk iha tinan hirak oin mai tan. 

 

Timor nia eroi ba independensia no xefe negosiadór ba tratadu refere, Xanana Gusmão, dehan katak ninia nasaun iha tempu pasadu lakon ona osan dolar milaun 5 kada fulan bainhira akordu ne’e seida'uk hetan ratifikasaun. 

Donald Rothwell, peritu ida ba lei internasional husi Universidade Nasional Australia iha loron Tersa ne’e hatete katak provisaun (ketentuan) ne’e forma ona katak sei laiha kompensasaun mak sei selu ba tantu parte rua ne’e hotu nu’udar rezultadu husi regulamentu fronteira foun ne’e. 

“Bainhira tratadu ne’e komesa lao ona, totalmente sei laiha obrigatoriu ba Australia hodi selu kualkér tipu ba kompensasaun, tanba iha ne’ebá temi ona iha laran,” 

Steve Bracks, sesante prezidente konsellu ba Victoria no fundador ba organizasaun asistensia Projetu Governasaun Timor-Leste nian, deskreve Australia ne’ebé kontinua atu hetan lukru husi Bayu Undan nu’udar “asaun demaiziadu.” 

Charlie Schenier, peskizador ida iha La’o Hamutuk, nu’udar institutu peskiza ida iha TImor-Leste, dehan katak Australia hetan ona lukru dolares bilaun 5 husi mina no gas ne’ebé mak daudaun ne’e konkorda ona tama ba Timor ninia teritoriu.

“Australia iha tempu pasadu laiha direitu atu hetan porsentu 10 husi Bayu Undan,” Scheiner hatete ba ABC. “Ami espera katak Australia sei halo buat ne’ebé mak loos no selu hikas fali saida mak sira foti ona husi fatin ne’ebé mak la konsidera sira nu’udar nain tan ona.” 

Australia ninia Departamentu Relasaun Esterna no Komérsiu la fó komentariu kona ba pergunta ne’ebé relasiona ho kompensasaun, maibé hatete iha sira nia deklarasaun iha loron Tersa katak: “Ami hein atu lori tratadu ne’e formaliza hodi vigor iha tempu badak nia laran mak posivel.” 

Tratadu ne’e deklara katak “parte hirak ne’ebé involve konkorda katak laiha kúalker parte ida mak sei halo reklamasaun ba kompensasaun kona ba atividade mak hala’o ona sobre petroliu nian iha Tasi Timor.” 

Rothwell deskreve katak klausa ne’e nu’udar “oinseluk uitoan,” no reflete tuir ba konkordansia barak kona ba Tasi Timor atraves dekada hira nia laran ne’ebé Australia halo ho Indonezia no depois halo ho Timor-Leste. 

“Iha klausa ne’ebé mak relasiona ho kompensasaun nian ne’e loloos sai nu’udar advogadu ida nia dalan hodi asegura katak sei laiha tan dalan atu fila fali ba kestaun hirak ne’e iha futuru mai,” Rothwell hatete.

Bazeia ba tratadu refere, Timor-Leste sei hetan asaun ne’ebé boot liu husi lukru ba esploitasaun kampu gas Greater Sunrise ne’ebé mak seidauk book. Asaun ne’e sei fahe tantu 80-20 se pipa nia gas ne’e dada ba Australia hodi procesa ka 70-30 se pipa ne’e dada ba Timor. 

 

Timor-Leste hakarak atu dada gase ne’e hodi prosesa iha ninia teritoria maibé investor sira tauk-tauk hela tanba dalaruma dalan ida ne’e ekonomikamente sei la viavel ka la’o di’ak iha futuru mai. 

Asuntu fahe riku-soi mina no gas ne’ebé mak lokaliza entre Australia no Timor-Leste ne’e to’o agora sai ona nu’udar asuntu ne’ebé mak halo deskonfortu entre viziñu rua ne’e deste tinan 2002 bainhira Timor-Leste hakat ba oin nu’udar fini ida hodi sai nasaun ho ema milaun 1.5 ne’ebé independente husi Indonezia. 

Australia no Timor asina ona tratadu ida iha tinan 2006 kona ba fahe lukru ba Greater Sunrise nian ba futuru. Maibé relasaun ne’e monu bainhira Timor-Leste akuza Australia ho asaun espioneza ho dalan tau instrumentun espiaun nian ba iha Timor-Leste ninia gabinete laran ne’ebé uza hodi halao diskusaun iha tinan 2004, hodi Australia bele iha vantazen ba negosiasaun ne’ebé mak la justu. Australia nega alegasaun ida ne’e. 

Espiaun ida ne’ebé mak lekar informasaun ne’e sai ho ninia advogadu Bernard Collaery aprezenta aan ba hearing iha tribunal Canberra nian ida iha loron Tersa hetan akuzasaun ba konspirasaun hodi komunika sai informasaun sekretu kona ba alegasaun monta instrumentu espiaun ne’e. 

Collaery ninia advogadu Ken Archer hatete ba Tribunal Majistradu Teritoriu Capital Australia katak ninia kliente hakarak atu alegasaun ne’e ba hearing iha Tribunal Supremu. 

Robert Richter, ne’ebé mak reprezenta espiaun ne’e, ne’ebé mak ita barak hatene ho naran Witness K, hatete ba Xefe Majistradu Lorraine Walker katak ninia kliente hakarak ninia alegasaun ne’e ba hearing ketak husi tribunal majistradu ida. 

Walker adia kazu ne’e ba loron 6 Agostu, iha tempu hanesan advogadu sira mós diskute oinsá atu prosesa kazu ne’e. Advogadu no esipaun, sira ida-idak hetan akuzasaun ne’ebé bele lori sira ba kastigu prizaun tinan rua bainhira prova sira kondena halo sala. 

Eis prezidente Timor-Leste no manan nain ba prémiu Paz nian José Ramos-Horta demanda ona ba Australia atu hapara alegasaun ne’e tanba ema nain rua ne’e nia asaun bazeia ba sira nia konxiénsia bainhira sira hamosu alegasaun ba Australia. 

Timor-Leste ninia reseita ba minan, ne’ebé mak kobre ba governu nia gastus to porsentu 90, daudaun ne’e menus makas ona tanba mina no gas ne’ebé mak iha komesa menus los ona iha sira nia teritoriu laran. Bazeia ba La’o Hamutuk, nasaun ida ne’e ninia fundu riku-soi soberania dollares bilaun 16 bele sei mamuk iha tinan sanulu nia laran tanba tinan-tinan governu foti hakat liu ona investimentu nia retornu.

Tempotimor (Dili): Eis Prezidente Repúblika José Ramos Horta, kongratula xefe negosiadór prinsipal Xanana Gusmão ho ninia ekipa téknika iha Parlamentu Nasionál, hodi aprezenta proposta lei hirak ne'ebé importante ba ratifikasaun tratadu fronteira marítima Timor-Leste ho Australia. 

Tempotimor (New York) = Vanuatu firmly condemned during the UN General Assembly the ongoing violations of human rights against the indigenous people of West Papua. The Solomon Islands called in a public session for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to go directly to West Papua, as human rights violations escalated. Vanuatu supported this call on the UN podium.

The calls of the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu are in accordance with the decision at the fiftieth Pacific Island Forum meeting 13-16 August 2019 in Tuvalu, where 18 Pacific nations unanimously agreed to call for a UN visit to West Papua, to investigate human rights violations in the territory.

Later Vanuatu also called for ‘the right of self-determination for New Caledonia, French Polynesia and West Papua, as well as calling on the United Nations to ensure their rights are implemented,’ Vanuatu’s prime minister Charlot Salwai said at the 74th UN General Assembly on Friday, 27 September 2019. 

Twenty years ago the Indonesian government was accused of committing human rights abuses in Timor-Leste. Today several Melanesian countries are accusing Jakarta of committing atrocities in West Papua and call on the West Papuans to keep fighting for their rights as recognised in international law.

 

Tempo Timor (TT) spoke with Vanuatu’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ralph Regenvanu (RR). 

TT: What is Vanuatu’s position with regard to West Papua?

 RR : ‘We consider that West Papua was never decolonized. It was a colony of The Netherlands and then it was passed on to become a colony of Indonesia. Unlike most people in the world they never had a chance to decide their own future, which is a universal human right. The people of West Papua need to be given the chance to exercise their right to decide their own future.’

TT: Will Vanuatu be able to convince other governments to push for a visit of the UN to West Papua?

RR: ‘The human rights situation is very bad in West Papua. No outside media are allowed in. No UN bodies are allowed in. No human rights NGOs are allowed in. So the first step that needs to be taken is for the UN Human Rights Commissioner to go, to visit, to study and to report to the world what is happening with regard to the human rights situation in West Papua, because that is the most important thing.

Human rights are a basic fundamental principal which the international community has set up to uphold. We believe that Indonesia is not upholding the rights of West Papua, and so the UN needs to address this situation. The first thing the UN has to do is a proper independent and impartial assessment of what is actually happening.’ 

TT: What is Vanuatu’s message to the international community with regard to West Papua?

RR: ‘There are human rights violations being committed in West Papua. Some scholars qualify it as genocide as defined by international law and criteria. So it is a very serious situation. The international community has an obligation to address human right crises anywhere. They can act in some places, but unfortunately they seem to ignore West Papua. So I’m asking to the international community to pay attention to the human rights situation in West Papua as it does in another countries in the world.’

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