Tempotimor (Dili)-Sekretariu Estadu Ambiente (SEA) fó apresiasaun ba empreza no supermerkadu ne’ebé durante ne’e apoiu politika governu nian kona-ba zero plastiku.

Tempotimor (Dili)-Universidade Nasionál Timor Lorosa'e (UNTL) iha Sesta (19/06) asina nota intendimentu (Memorandum of understanding—MoU) ho Konservasaun Internasionál (KI) hodi bele ajuda dezenvolve instituisaun superior públiku ne’e.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Sekretáriu Estadu Ambiente (SEA), Demetrio Amaral de Carvalho konsidera kuda ai-parapa hun 50.000 iha Suku Sabuli, Postu Administrativa Metinaru, nu'udar parte ida atu minimiza risku tasi sa'e.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Konsellu Ministru (KM) aprova projetu dekretu lei ne'ebe aprezenta husi Sekretáriu Estadu Meiu-Ambiente (SEA), Demetrio Amaral de Carvalho, atu regula impaktu negativu husi plástiku ba ambiente.

Tempotimor (Dili)-Sekretariu Estadu Ambiente (SEA) sei implementa projetu nagoya protokolu ho montante orsamentu rihun $3,250 hodi proteze rikusoin jenetiku no dezenvolve alterasaun klimatiku.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Sekretáriu Estadu Ambiente ho Mercy Corps asina akordu atu kombate lixu liuhusi polítika zero plástiku.

Tempo Timor (Dili) - Timor-Leste is experiencing climate change, says Demétrio de Amaral de Carvalho, secretary of state for the environment. The weather is more extreme. The northern part of the nation is suffering from drought, while the south is experiencing more rain and flooding. The country is however not well equipped to deal with these growing problems.

Scientists expect the temperatures in Timor-Leste to rise with 0.3 to 1.2 degrees Celsius by 2030. ‘Already drought is affecting farmers who see their harvest failing. If they produce little there is not enough food, which leads to malnutrition. Also the farmers will have less income, thus the drought contributes to poverty,’ says De Amaral de Carvalho.

In recent months huge bushfires in Liquica and Ermera have destroyed large coffee plantations which resulted in loss of trees, crops and vegetation, the death of animals, the degradation of environment and houses going up in flames. The financial loss of these fires alone is estimated at 22 million US dollars.

The sea-level will rise with approximately 1.3 to 2.3 millimetre per year. Not only will Timor-Leste’s lower coastal areas be affected by erosion, but underground sweet water sources will become salty, creating water problems and degradation of the soil. Flooding in the rainy season destroys the infrastructure disrupting daily life and the economy. ‘What you see is that the impact from one event to the other is interconnected,’ says the state secretary.

Prone to disaster

Timor-Leste is ranking ninth on the list of countries that are prone to natural disaster, says the state secretary, referring to UN experts. ‘But our mechanisms to cope with disaster didn’t have much opportunity’ to develop, states De Amaral de Carvalho.

Timor-Leste became independent 20 years ago, after having been occupied, destroyed and robbed of natural resources by Indonesia. ‘We had to develop the country almost from ground zero,’ the state secretary says, explaining that infrastructure, schools and health care had to be built up from scratch. ‘But this can’t be an argument that we can’t take action to protect our people from climate change,’ states De Amaral de Carvalho.

Measures

The state secretary stresses that Timor-Leste needs to take its responsibility with regard to climate change. The government has taken several measures such as the allocation of more money to the state budget. The prime minister is in charge of the national council for disaster management. ‘But sometimes the environment is still seen as [an issue] that has less priority,’ the state secretary admits.

To protect the capital city Dili against the sea along the coast from the port to Kampung Alor, the government ‘invested millions to develop infrastructures’, says the state secretary. But more needs to be done to prevent coastal towns and villages from being in danger. The state secretary says ‘biological engineering’ is one of the solutions to mitigate the degradation of the coastal areas. Timor-Leste needs to plant more mangrove and conserve vegetation that is able to retain sand.

Rich countries

Climate change is a global problem. The industrialised countries are the main source of green gas emissions that cause climate change, while a country like Timor-Leste’s part is extremely small (its emissions are just 0,003 percent of the world’s total), but suffers the consequences of the huge footprint of the big economies. State secretary De Amaral de Carvalho says the big polluters need to help. ‘It’s a moral responsibility. These rich countries already contributed to the degradation of this planet. They should share their resources to help the poor nations to be able to participate in conserving and protecting this planet,’ says the state secretary.

One area where Timor-Leste is seeking help is with prevention of disaster and minimize the risks. It is important to have early warning systems, but Timor-Leste doesn’t have this expensive technology. Therefore the government seeks cooperation with countries that do have the technology and systems.

But of the 100 billion dollar the developed countries promised during the Paris Climate Change Conference in November 2015 to assist developing countries with mitigation and adaptation to climate change, only 10 billion has been provided. From 2 – 13 December the UN Climate Change Conference will take place in Spain.

Solutions

The state secretary admits that also more climate education is needed ‘to increase the knowledge about these issues among the wider population’ in Timor-Leste. Climate change is not an easy subject. ‘You tell people that they should not cut trees. But they need the wood for cooking. They need cash for their daily needs. We need to manage this. Not only to protect the environment, but we also have to think of people as centre for conservation,’ he says.

One solution is for Timor-Leste to make money with sustainable development of natural resources. ‘We think of integrated forest rehabilitation program with carbon credits,’ the state secretary explains. Under an international scheme Timorese farmers will be paid for planting trees, which absorb greenhouse emissions and improve the environment.

While Timor-Leste has gas and oil as its main resources, the country also has huge biological resources, says the state secretary. Sandalwood for instance sells at high prices and there are other species as well with promising prospects. These natural products can generate income ‘in a sustainable way for present and future generations,’ says De Amaral de Carvalho.

Tempotimo (Dili)- Ministru Koordenadór Asuntu Ekonomika (MKAE) interinu Fidelis Manuel Leite Magalhães informa, MKAE konsege ezekuta ona rihun $499 resin ka 66.9% husi total $902 iha Orsamentu Jerál Estadu (OJE) 2019 ne’ebé aloka ba.

Tempotimor (Dili)-Sekretáriu Estadu Ambiente (SEA) emite tan lisensa ambiental ba kompaña 24 ne'ebé hala'o atividade, inklui Timor Plaza ne'ebé eziste kleur ona, iha Timor Leste.

Lisensa ambiental ne’e SEA atribui ba kompaña sira atu sira bele hala’o sira-nia atividade ho responsabilidade nune’e bele minimiza impaktu husi sira-nia atividade ba ambiente.

Sekretariu Estadu Ambiente Deometrio do Amaral de Carvalho hatete, lisensa ambiental ne’ebé atribui ba kompaña sira nu’udar karta kondusaun ida atu sira utuliza durante hala’o sira-nia atividade iha Timor Leste.

Demitrio informa, iha kategoria rua husi lisensa ambiental ne’ebé SEA fó ba kompaña sira. Kategoria B ba kompaña 2 no kategoria C ba kompaña 22.

"Ohin ne'e atividade regular Ida ne'ebé husi superiór Sekretáriu Estadu Ambiente nian ba proponente sira ne'e lisensa hamutuk 24. Iha lisensa ambiental ne'e iha rua mak kategória B no iha lisensa 22 mak kategória C," informa Sekretariu Estadu Deométrio do Amaral de Carvalho, hafoin serimonia serimónia emite lisensa ambiental iha gabinete SEA, Mandarin, Sesta (18/10/2019).

Nia esplika, lisensa ambiental ne’e emprezariu sira bele utuliza hodi hala’o sira-nia atividade lorloron ho responsabilidade.

"Ba sira ne'ebé hetan ona lisensa ambiental atu bele dezenvolve negósiu, inklui halo dezenvolvimentu ho responsabilidade atu nune'e minimiza impaktu sira ba ambiente susesu iha atividade hotu-hotu," dehan Demitrio.

Iha fatin hanesan, Koordinadór Project Management Unity Ministériu Obras Públika (MOP) António da Costa Cruz hatete, projetu ne'ebé finansia husi fundu empréstimu tenke la'o tuir kritéria ADB nian, inklui governu Timor Leste.

"Iha ami-nia serbisu, Ministériu Obras Públika zere projetu sira ne'ebé mak finansiadu husi fundu empréstimu. Entaun fundamental ba serbisu ne'e la'os de'it ADB nian rekezitu maibé governu Timor Leste mós. Tanba ne'e MOP serbisu hamutuk ho SEA hodi taka solusaun,” dehan nia.

Ho nune’e, Antonio agradese ba SEA ne'ebé emite ona lisensa ba projetu husi diresaun Baukau to'o Viqueque.

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